[SOLVED] No sound from phone-jack via "es8316" on rockpro64
#1
The environment is "bionic-lxde-rockpro64-0.7.9-1067-arm64.img.xz".(https://github.com/ayufan-rock64/linux-b...m64.img.xz)
kernel is updated to "linux-image-4.4.138-1094". (https://github.com/ayufan-rock64/linux-k..._arm64.deb)


The sound via hdmi is output well.
However, there is no sound via "es8316", but somehow rubbish comes out on the serial console.

Is there a person who has successfully outputted sound via "es8316" ?
#2
Moin!

> Is there a person who has successfully outputted sound via "es8316" ?

Just wanted to say that you are not allone: Same problem here.

Greetings, J.
#3
As a result of various investigations,
These problems turned out to be caused by the kernel side.

The issues is as follows (0.7.9: gitlab-ci-linux-build-67: 4.4.132-1075)
1. "es8316-sound" no sound.
2. "spdif-sound"  no sound.
3. "serial-console output" contains garbage.

All of the above issues have been solved by modifying kernel.

---
*Additional information)
 At currently the newest kernel (4.4.154-1122),
 all sound (in addition to the above, "hdmi-sound" also) can not output.

I also confirmed that it works correctly with the same modification.
#4
(10-05-2018, 12:23 AM)t4_4t Wrote: As a result of various investigations,
These problems turned out to be caused by the kernel side.

The issues is as follows (0.7.9: gitlab-ci-linux-build-67: 4.4.132-1075)
1. "es8316-sound" no sound.
2. "spdif-sound"  no sound.
3. "serial-console output" contains garbage.

All of the above issues have been solved by modifying kernel.

---
*Additional information)
 At currently the newest kernel (4.4.154-1122),
 all sound (in addition to the above, "hdmi-sound" also) can not output.

I also confirmed that it works correctly with the same modification.


I agree with your findings on 4.4.132 & 4.4.154 kernels - what mods do youu apply to the kernel to correct things?
  • ROCKPro64 v2.1 2GB, 16Gb eMMC for rootfs, SX8200Pro 512GB NVMe for /home, HDMI video & sound, Bluetooth keyboard & mouse. Arch (5.13 kernel, Openbox desktop) for general purpose daily PC.
  • PinePhone BraveHeart now v1.2b 3/32Gb daily driver, dual boot via p-boot with Mobian/f2fs/Phosh on eMMC, Arch/ext4/Phosh on SDcard
  • PinePhone v1.2a 2G/16Gb that needs USB board replaced
#5
Just upgraded to 4.4.154-1122 and have the same issue here as well.
#6
OK - still trying to get some noise out of my ES8316. Think I am pretty close but help/suggestions required, please!

I am compiling my own 4.19 kernel: Ayufan versions have no ALSA devices at all. I now have
Code:
chris@rpro64:~$ uname -a
Linux rpro64.dukla.net 4.19.0 #3 SMP PREEMPT Wed Oct 24 10:47:48 BST 2018 aarch64 aarch64 aarch64 GNU/Linux
chris@rpro64:~$ aplay -l
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
card 0: rockchipes8316c [rockchip,es8316-codec], device 0: ff890000.i2s-ES8316 HiFi ES8316 HiFi-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

Which is quite promising. Also
Code:
$ aplay -L
null
    Discard all samples (playback) or generate zero samples (capture)
default:CARD=rockchipes8316c
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Default Audio Device
sysdefault:CARD=rockchipes8316c
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Default Audio Device
dmix:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Direct sample mixing device
dsnoop:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Direct sample snooping device
hw:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Direct hardware device without any conversions
plughw:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Hardware device with all software conversions

But

Code:
$ speaker-test -c 2 sysdefault:CARD=rockchipes8316c

speaker-test 1.1.6

Playback device is default
Stream parameters are 48000Hz, S16_LE, 2 channels
Using 16 octaves of pink noise
Playback open error: -22,Invalid argument

And then system log fills with
Code:
[   83.424483] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[   83.425020] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22

I did remember 0010 in an error message earlier in the boot:

Code:
$ dmesg | grep ff880000
[    2.090028] rockchip-pinctrl pinctrl: pin gpio4-0 already requested by 1-0010; cannot claim for ff880000.i2s
[    2.090907] rockchip-pinctrl pinctrl: pin-128 (ff880000.i2s) status -22
[    2.092501] rockchip-i2s ff880000.i2s: Error applying setting, reverse things back
[    2.093180] rockchip-i2s: probe of ff880000.i2s failed with error -22

So the question - how to sort the 1-0010 | gpio4-0 | ff880000.i2s conflict? Pretty sure this is in the device tree somewhere but have yet to find something obvious.
  • ROCKPro64 v2.1 2GB, 16Gb eMMC for rootfs, SX8200Pro 512GB NVMe for /home, HDMI video & sound, Bluetooth keyboard & mouse. Arch (5.13 kernel, Openbox desktop) for general purpose daily PC.
  • PinePhone BraveHeart now v1.2b 3/32Gb daily driver, dual boot via p-boot with Mobian/f2fs/Phosh on eMMC, Arch/ext4/Phosh on SDcard
  • PinePhone v1.2a 2G/16Gb that needs USB board replaced
#7
The problem of "es8316" is quite tough and can not be solved by only modifying "*.dts" or "kernel-config".

For example, your proposal is,
> So the question - how to sort the 1-0010 | gpio4-0 | ff880000.i2s conflict ?

If you fix it, you can surely see some improvement.
However, this kind of modification alone is not enough,
and only the effect of reducing errors from the "boot-log" is obtained.

In order for "es8316" to work correctly, both "dts" and "*.c source-code" modifications are necessary,
and the modification is more extensive (perhaps, more than you think).

"original-kernel (4.19.0-1073-ayufan)"
https://github.com/ayufan-rock64/linux-m..._arm64.deb
Code:
$ uname -a
Linux Rock64 4.19.0-1073-ayufan-ga6e013135a6e #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue Oct 23 09:19:54 UTC 2018 aarch64 aarch64 aarch64 GNU/Linux

[   16.057479] rockchip-pinctrl pinctrl: pin gpio4-0 already requested by ff880000.i2s; cannot claim for 1-0010
[   16.059298] rockchip-pinctrl pinctrl: pin-128 (1-0010) status -22
[   16.060034] rockchip-pinctrl pinctrl: could not request pin 128 (gpio4-0) from group i2s-8ch-mclk  on device rockchip-pinctrl
[   16.061258] es8316 1-0010: Error applying setting, reverse things back
[   16.062080] es8316: probe of 1-0010 failed with error -22

$ aplay -l
aplay: device_list:270: no soundcards found...

$ aplay -L
default
   Playback/recording through the PulseAudio sound server
null
   Discard all samples (playback) or generate zero samples (capture)
pulse
   PulseAudio Sound Server

$ pactl list sinks
Sink #0
       State: IDLE
       Name: auto_null
       Description: Dummy Output
       Driver: module-null-sink.c
       Sample Specification: s16le 2ch 44100Hz
       Channel Map: front-left,front-right
       Owner Module: 10
       Mute: no
       Volume: front-left: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB,   front-right: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
               balance 0.00
       Base Volume: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
       Monitor Source: auto_null.monitor
       Latency: 2213366 usec, configured 2000000 usec
       Flags: DECIBEL_VOLUME LATENCY
       Properties:
               device.description = "Dummy Output"
               device.class = "abstract"
               device.icon_name = "audio-card"
       Formats:
               pcm

"original-kernel" with "modified-dts" (your proposal, perhaps what you tried to do)
Code:
$ uname -a
Linux Rock64 4.19.0-1073-ayufan-ga6e013135a6e #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue Oct 23 09:19:54 UTC 2018 aarch64 aarch64 aarch64 GNU/Linux

[   10.538432] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ASoC: no source widget found for MICBIAS1
[   10.539291] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ASoC: Failed to add route MICBIAS1 -> direct -> Mic Jack
[   10.540228] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ASoC: no sink widget found for IN1P
[   10.540973] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ASoC: Failed to add route Mic Jack -> direct -> IN1P
[   11.978401] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: Differential Mux DAPM update failed: -6
[   11.979565] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: Digital Mic Mux DAPM update failed: -6
[   13.149657] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: Differential Mux DAPM update failed: -6
[   13.151011] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: Digital Mic Mux DAPM update failed: -6

$ aplay -l
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
[  280.461123] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  280.464960] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
...
[  280.507795] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  280.511685] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
card 0: rockchipes8316c [rockchip,es8316-codec], device 0: ff890000.i2s-ES8316 HiFi ES8316 HiFi-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

$ aplay -L
[  347.616981] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  347.620827] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
...
[  347.663448] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  347.667337] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
default
    Playback/recording through the PulseAudio sound server
null
    Discard all samples (playback) or generate zero samples (capture)
pulse
    PulseAudio Sound Server
sysdefault:CARD=rockchipes8316c
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Default Audio Device
dmix:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Direct sample mixing device
dsnoop:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Direct sample snooping device
hw:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Direct hardware device without any conversions
plughw:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Hardware device with all software conversions

$ pactl list sinks
[  129.097332] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  129.097841] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
...
[  129.110316] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  129.110825] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
Sink #0
        State: IDLE
        Name: auto_null
        Description: Dummy Output
        Driver: module-null-sink.c
        Sample Specification: s16le 2ch 44100Hz
        Channel Map: front-left,front-right
        Owner Module: 11
        Mute: no
        Volume: front-left: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB,   front-right: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
                balance 0.00
        Base Volume: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
        Monitor Source: auto_null.monitor
        Latency: 2216568 usec, configured 2000000 usec
        Flags: DECIBEL_VOLUME LATENCY
        Properties:
                device.description = "Dummy Output"
                device.class = "abstract"
                device.icon_name = "audio-card"
        Formats:
                pcm


"my-kernel"
Code:
$ uname -a
Linux Rock64 4.19.0-1073-ayufan-ga6e013135a6e #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue Oct 23 20:05:55 JST 2018 aarch64 aarch64 aarch64 GNU/Linux

[    3.683845] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ES8316 HiFi <-> ff890000.i2s mapping ok
[    3.684589] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ASoC: no DMI vendor name!
[    3.691358] asoc-simple-card spdif-sound: dit-hifi <-> ff870000.spdif mapping ok
[    3.692034] asoc-simple-card spdif-sound: ASoC: no DMI vendor name!
[    4.254556] asoc-simple-card hdmi-sound: i2s-hifi <-> ff8a0000.i2s mapping ok
[    4.255369] asoc-simple-card hdmi-sound: ASoC: no DMI vendor name!

[    4.500561] ALSA device list:
[    4.500561]   #0: ROCKCHIP,ES8316
[    4.500561]   #1: ROCKCHIP,SPDIF
[    4.500561]   #2: ROCKCHIP,HDMI


$ aplay -l
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
card 0: ROCKCHIPES8316 [ROCKCHIP,ES8316], device 0: ff890000.i2s-ES8316 HiFi ES8316 HiFi-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
card 1: ROCKCHIPSPDIF [ROCKCHIP,SPDIF], device 0: ff870000.spdif-dit-hifi dit-hifi-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
card 2: ROCKCHIPHDMI [ROCKCHIP,HDMI], device 0: ff8a0000.i2s-i2s-hifi i2s-hifi-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

$ aplay -L
default
    Playback/recording through the PulseAudio sound server
null
    Discard all samples (playback) or generate zero samples (capture)
pulse
    PulseAudio Sound Server
default:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Default Audio Device
sysdefault:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Default Audio Device
dmix:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Direct sample mixing device
dsnoop:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Direct sample snooping device
hw:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Direct hardware device without any conversions
plughw:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Hardware device with all software conversions
default:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Default Audio Device
sysdefault:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Default Audio Device
dmix:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Direct sample mixing device
dsnoop:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Direct sample snooping device
hw:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Direct hardware device without any conversions
plughw:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Hardware device with all software conversions
default:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Default Audio Device
sysdefault:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Default Audio Device
dmix:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Direct sample mixing device
dsnoop:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Direct sample snooping device
hw:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Direct hardware device without any conversions
plughw:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Hardware device with all software conversions

$ pactl list sinks
Sink #0
        State: IDLE
        Name: alsa_output.platform-es8316-sound.stereo-fallback
        Description: Built-in Audio Stereo
        Driver: module-alsa-card.c
        Sample Specification: s16le 2ch 44100Hz
        Channel Map: front-left,front-right
        Owner Module: 6
        Mute: no
        Volume: front-left: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB,   front-right: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
                balance 0.00
        Base Volume: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
        Monitor Source: alsa_output.platform-es8316-sound.stereo-fallback.monitor
        Latency: 1896804 usec, configured 2000000 usec
        Flags: HARDWARE HW_VOLUME_CTRL DECIBEL_VOLUME LATENCY
        Properties:
                alsa.resolution_bits = "16"
                device.api = "alsa"
                device.class = "sound"
                alsa.class = "generic"
                alsa.subclass = "generic-mix"
                alsa.name = ""
                alsa.id = "ff890000.i2s-ES8316 HiFi ES8316 HiFi-0"
                alsa.subdevice = "0"
                alsa.subdevice_name = "subdevice #0"
                alsa.device = "0"
                alsa.card = "0"
                alsa.card_name = "ROCKCHIP,ES8316"
                alsa.long_card_name = "ROCKCHIP,ES8316"
                device.bus_path = "platform-es8316-sound"
                sysfs.path = "/devices/platform/es8316-sound/sound/card0"
                device.form_factor = "internal"
                device.string = "hw:0"
                device.buffering.buffer_size = "352800"
                device.buffering.fragment_size = "176400"
                device.access_mode = "mmap+timer"
                device.profile.name = "stereo-fallback"
                device.profile.description = "Stereo"
                device.description = "Built-in Audio Stereo"
                module-udev-detect.discovered = "1"
                device.icon_name = "audio-card"
        Ports:
                analog-output-headphones: Headphones (priority: 9000)
        Active Port: analog-output-headphones
        Formats:
                pcm

Sink #1
        State: IDLE
        Name: alsa_output.platform-hdmi-sound.stereo-fallback
        Description: Built-in Audio Stereo
        Driver: module-alsa-card.c
        Sample Specification: s16le 2ch 44100Hz
        Channel Map: front-left,front-right
        Owner Module: 7
        Mute: no
        Volume: front-left: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB,   front-right: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
                balance 0.00
        Base Volume: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
        Monitor Source: alsa_output.platform-hdmi-sound.stereo-fallback.monitor
        Latency: 1949733 usec, configured 2000000 usec
        Flags: HARDWARE DECIBEL_VOLUME LATENCY
        Properties:
                alsa.resolution_bits = "16"
                device.api = "alsa"
                device.class = "sound"
                alsa.class = "generic"
                alsa.subclass = "generic-mix"
                alsa.name = ""
                alsa.id = "ff8a0000.i2s-i2s-hifi i2s-hifi-0"
                alsa.subdevice = "0"
                alsa.subdevice_name = "subdevice #0"
                alsa.device = "0"
                alsa.card = "2"
                alsa.card_name = "ROCKCHIP,HDMI"
                alsa.long_card_name = "ROCKCHIP,HDMI"
                device.bus_path = "platform-hdmi-sound"
                sysfs.path = "/devices/platform/hdmi-sound/sound/card2"
                device.form_factor = "internal"
                device.string = "hw:2"
                device.buffering.buffer_size = "352800"
                device.buffering.fragment_size = "176400"
                device.access_mode = "mmap+timer"
                device.profile.name = "stereo-fallback"
                device.profile.description = "Stereo"
                device.description = "Built-in Audio Stereo"
                module-udev-detect.discovered = "1"
                device.icon_name = "audio-card"
        Ports:
                analog-output: Analog Output (priority: 9900)
        Active Port: analog-output
        Formats:
                pcm

Sink #2
        State: IDLE
        Name: alsa_output.platform-spdif-sound.stereo-fallback
        Description: Built-in Audio Stereo
        Driver: module-alsa-card.c
        Sample Specification: s16le 2ch 44100Hz
        Channel Map: front-left,front-right
        Owner Module: 8
        Mute: no
        Volume: front-left: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB,   front-right: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
                balance 0.00
        Base Volume: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
        Monitor Source: alsa_output.platform-spdif-sound.stereo-fallback.monitor
        Latency: 1985337 usec, configured 2000000 usec
        Flags: HARDWARE DECIBEL_VOLUME LATENCY
        Properties:
                alsa.resolution_bits = "16"
                device.api = "alsa"
                device.class = "sound"
                alsa.class = "generic"
                alsa.subclass = "generic-mix"
                alsa.name = ""
                alsa.id = "ff870000.spdif-dit-hifi dit-hifi-0"
                alsa.subdevice = "0"
                alsa.subdevice_name = "subdevice #0"
                alsa.device = "0"
                alsa.card = "1"
                alsa.card_name = "ROCKCHIP,SPDIF"
                alsa.long_card_name = "ROCKCHIP,SPDIF"
                device.bus_path = "platform-spdif-sound"
                sysfs.path = "/devices/platform/spdif-sound/sound/card1"
                device.form_factor = "internal"
                device.string = "hw:1"
                device.buffering.buffer_size = "352800"
                device.buffering.fragment_size = "176400"
                device.access_mode = "mmap+timer"
                device.profile.name = "stereo-fallback"
                device.profile.description = "Stereo"
                device.description = "Built-in Audio Stereo"
                module-udev-detect.discovered = "1"
                device.icon_name = "audio-card"
        Ports:
                analog-output: Analog Output (priority: 9900)
        Active Port: analog-output
        Formats:
                pcm

Of course, all the sounds "es8316" / "hdmi" / "spdif" are working.
However, sadly, "mainline-kernel" has not yet implemented "video-accelerator" (mpp related),
it is not fun even if only the sound comes out.

So, I usually do not use "mainline-kernel".
#8
(10-26-2018, 05:46 AM)t4_4t Wrote: ...

Of course, all the sounds "es8316" / "hdmi" / "spdif" are working.
However, sadly, "mainline-kernel" has not yet implemented "video-accelerator" (mpp related),
it is not fun even if only the sound comes out.

So, I usually do not use "mainline-kernel".

So you mark it as "SOLVED". Could you kindly point us to the solution? Diffs or so... since that comes to modifying kernel source as you've mentioned.
#9
Please make a 'Pull Request' so we all can hear something. Thanks.
Sorry for any mistakes. English is not my native language

1. RP64 v2.1 / PCIe SATA JMS585 Chipsatz / Booting from an 2,5 Zoll SSD on port 5/ 2 * 3,5 Zoll 4TB HDD (raid1) md0 / 2 * 2,5 Zoll 2TB HDD (raid1) md1 / using as NAS / Kernel 5.6.0-1137-ayufan-ge57f05e7bf8f

2. RP64 v2.1 / testing.....testing....testing

3. Quartz64 Model A with 4GB RAM

https://forum.frank-mankel.org/category/14/rockpro64
#10
(10-26-2018, 05:46 AM)t4_4t Wrote: The problem of "es8316" is quite tough and can not be solved by only modifying "*.dts" or "kernel-config".

For example, your proposal is,
> So the question - how to sort the 1-0010 | gpio4-0 | ff880000.i2s conflict ?

If you fix it, you can surely see some improvement.
However, this kind of modification alone is not enough,
and only the effect of reducing errors from the "boot-log" is obtained.

In order for "es8316" to work correctly, both "dts" and "*.c source-code" modifications are necessary,
and the modification is more extensive (perhaps, more than you think).

"original-kernel (4.19.0-1073-ayufan)"
https://github.com/ayufan-rock64/linux-m..._arm64.deb
Code:
$ uname -a
Linux Rock64 4.19.0-1073-ayufan-ga6e013135a6e #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue Oct 23 09:19:54 UTC 2018 aarch64 aarch64 aarch64 GNU/Linux

[   16.057479] rockchip-pinctrl pinctrl: pin gpio4-0 already requested by ff880000.i2s; cannot claim for 1-0010
[   16.059298] rockchip-pinctrl pinctrl: pin-128 (1-0010) status -22
[   16.060034] rockchip-pinctrl pinctrl: could not request pin 128 (gpio4-0) from group i2s-8ch-mclk  on device rockchip-pinctrl
[   16.061258] es8316 1-0010: Error applying setting, reverse things back
[   16.062080] es8316: probe of 1-0010 failed with error -22

$ aplay -l
aplay: device_list:270: no soundcards found...

$ aplay -L
default
   Playback/recording through the PulseAudio sound server
null
   Discard all samples (playback) or generate zero samples (capture)
pulse
   PulseAudio Sound Server

$ pactl list sinks
Sink #0
       State: IDLE
       Name: auto_null
       Description: Dummy Output
       Driver: module-null-sink.c
       Sample Specification: s16le 2ch 44100Hz
       Channel Map: front-left,front-right
       Owner Module: 10
       Mute: no
       Volume: front-left: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB,   front-right: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
               balance 0.00
       Base Volume: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
       Monitor Source: auto_null.monitor
       Latency: 2213366 usec, configured 2000000 usec
       Flags: DECIBEL_VOLUME LATENCY
       Properties:
               device.description = "Dummy Output"
               device.class = "abstract"
               device.icon_name = "audio-card"
       Formats:
               pcm

"original-kernel" with "modified-dts" (your proposal, perhaps what you tried to do)
Code:
$ uname -a
Linux Rock64 4.19.0-1073-ayufan-ga6e013135a6e #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue Oct 23 09:19:54 UTC 2018 aarch64 aarch64 aarch64 GNU/Linux

[   10.538432] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ASoC: no source widget found for MICBIAS1
[   10.539291] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ASoC: Failed to add route MICBIAS1 -> direct -> Mic Jack
[   10.540228] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ASoC: no sink widget found for IN1P
[   10.540973] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ASoC: Failed to add route Mic Jack -> direct -> IN1P
[   11.978401] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: Differential Mux DAPM update failed: -6
[   11.979565] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: Digital Mic Mux DAPM update failed: -6
[   13.149657] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: Differential Mux DAPM update failed: -6
[   13.151011] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: Digital Mic Mux DAPM update failed: -6

$ aplay -l
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
[  280.461123] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  280.464960] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
...
[  280.507795] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  280.511685] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
card 0: rockchipes8316c [rockchip,es8316-codec], device 0: ff890000.i2s-ES8316 HiFi ES8316 HiFi-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

$ aplay -L
[  347.616981] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  347.620827] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
...
[  347.663448] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  347.667337] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
default
    Playback/recording through the PulseAudio sound server
null
    Discard all samples (playback) or generate zero samples (capture)
pulse
    PulseAudio Sound Server
sysdefault:CARD=rockchipes8316c
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Default Audio Device
dmix:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Direct sample mixing device
dsnoop:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Direct sample snooping device
hw:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Direct hardware device without any conversions
plughw:CARD=rockchipes8316c,DEV=0
    rockchip,es8316-codec,
    Hardware device with all software conversions

$ pactl list sinks
[  129.097332] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  129.097841] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
...
[  129.110316] es8316 1-0010: No sysclk provided
[  129.110825] es8316 1-0010: ASoC: can't open codec ES8316 HiFi: -22
Sink #0
        State: IDLE
        Name: auto_null
        Description: Dummy Output
        Driver: module-null-sink.c
        Sample Specification: s16le 2ch 44100Hz
        Channel Map: front-left,front-right
        Owner Module: 11
        Mute: no
        Volume: front-left: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB,   front-right: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
                balance 0.00
        Base Volume: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
        Monitor Source: auto_null.monitor
        Latency: 2216568 usec, configured 2000000 usec
        Flags: DECIBEL_VOLUME LATENCY
        Properties:
                device.description = "Dummy Output"
                device.class = "abstract"
                device.icon_name = "audio-card"
        Formats:
                pcm


"my-kernel"
Code:
$ uname -a
Linux Rock64 4.19.0-1073-ayufan-ga6e013135a6e #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue Oct 23 20:05:55 JST 2018 aarch64 aarch64 aarch64 GNU/Linux

[    3.683845] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ES8316 HiFi <-> ff890000.i2s mapping ok
[    3.684589] asoc-simple-card es8316-sound: ASoC: no DMI vendor name!
[    3.691358] asoc-simple-card spdif-sound: dit-hifi <-> ff870000.spdif mapping ok
[    3.692034] asoc-simple-card spdif-sound: ASoC: no DMI vendor name!
[    4.254556] asoc-simple-card hdmi-sound: i2s-hifi <-> ff8a0000.i2s mapping ok
[    4.255369] asoc-simple-card hdmi-sound: ASoC: no DMI vendor name!

[    4.500561] ALSA device list:
[    4.500561]   #0: ROCKCHIP,ES8316
[    4.500561]   #1: ROCKCHIP,SPDIF
[    4.500561]   #2: ROCKCHIP,HDMI


$ aplay -l
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
card 0: ROCKCHIPES8316 [ROCKCHIP,ES8316], device 0: ff890000.i2s-ES8316 HiFi ES8316 HiFi-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
card 1: ROCKCHIPSPDIF [ROCKCHIP,SPDIF], device 0: ff870000.spdif-dit-hifi dit-hifi-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
card 2: ROCKCHIPHDMI [ROCKCHIP,HDMI], device 0: ff8a0000.i2s-i2s-hifi i2s-hifi-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

$ aplay -L
default
    Playback/recording through the PulseAudio sound server
null
    Discard all samples (playback) or generate zero samples (capture)
pulse
    PulseAudio Sound Server
default:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Default Audio Device
sysdefault:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Default Audio Device
dmix:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Direct sample mixing device
dsnoop:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Direct sample snooping device
hw:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Direct hardware device without any conversions
plughw:CARD=ROCKCHIPES8316,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,ES8316,
    Hardware device with all software conversions
default:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Default Audio Device
sysdefault:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Default Audio Device
dmix:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Direct sample mixing device
dsnoop:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Direct sample snooping device
hw:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Direct hardware device without any conversions
plughw:CARD=ROCKCHIPSPDIF,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,SPDIF,
    Hardware device with all software conversions
default:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Default Audio Device
sysdefault:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Default Audio Device
dmix:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Direct sample mixing device
dsnoop:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Direct sample snooping device
hw:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Direct hardware device without any conversions
plughw:CARD=ROCKCHIPHDMI,DEV=0
    ROCKCHIP,HDMI,
    Hardware device with all software conversions

$ pactl list sinks
Sink #0
        State: IDLE
        Name: alsa_output.platform-es8316-sound.stereo-fallback
        Description: Built-in Audio Stereo
        Driver: module-alsa-card.c
        Sample Specification: s16le 2ch 44100Hz
        Channel Map: front-left,front-right
        Owner Module: 6
        Mute: no
        Volume: front-left: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB,   front-right: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
                balance 0.00
        Base Volume: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
        Monitor Source: alsa_output.platform-es8316-sound.stereo-fallback.monitor
        Latency: 1896804 usec, configured 2000000 usec
        Flags: HARDWARE HW_VOLUME_CTRL DECIBEL_VOLUME LATENCY
        Properties:
                alsa.resolution_bits = "16"
                device.api = "alsa"
                device.class = "sound"
                alsa.class = "generic"
                alsa.subclass = "generic-mix"
                alsa.name = ""
                alsa.id = "ff890000.i2s-ES8316 HiFi ES8316 HiFi-0"
                alsa.subdevice = "0"
                alsa.subdevice_name = "subdevice #0"
                alsa.device = "0"
                alsa.card = "0"
                alsa.card_name = "ROCKCHIP,ES8316"
                alsa.long_card_name = "ROCKCHIP,ES8316"
                device.bus_path = "platform-es8316-sound"
                sysfs.path = "/devices/platform/es8316-sound/sound/card0"
                device.form_factor = "internal"
                device.string = "hw:0"
                device.buffering.buffer_size = "352800"
                device.buffering.fragment_size = "176400"
                device.access_mode = "mmap+timer"
                device.profile.name = "stereo-fallback"
                device.profile.description = "Stereo"
                device.description = "Built-in Audio Stereo"
                module-udev-detect.discovered = "1"
                device.icon_name = "audio-card"
        Ports:
                analog-output-headphones: Headphones (priority: 9000)
        Active Port: analog-output-headphones
        Formats:
                pcm

Sink #1
        State: IDLE
        Name: alsa_output.platform-hdmi-sound.stereo-fallback
        Description: Built-in Audio Stereo
        Driver: module-alsa-card.c
        Sample Specification: s16le 2ch 44100Hz
        Channel Map: front-left,front-right
        Owner Module: 7
        Mute: no
        Volume: front-left: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB,   front-right: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
                balance 0.00
        Base Volume: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
        Monitor Source: alsa_output.platform-hdmi-sound.stereo-fallback.monitor
        Latency: 1949733 usec, configured 2000000 usec
        Flags: HARDWARE DECIBEL_VOLUME LATENCY
        Properties:
                alsa.resolution_bits = "16"
                device.api = "alsa"
                device.class = "sound"
                alsa.class = "generic"
                alsa.subclass = "generic-mix"
                alsa.name = ""
                alsa.id = "ff8a0000.i2s-i2s-hifi i2s-hifi-0"
                alsa.subdevice = "0"
                alsa.subdevice_name = "subdevice #0"
                alsa.device = "0"
                alsa.card = "2"
                alsa.card_name = "ROCKCHIP,HDMI"
                alsa.long_card_name = "ROCKCHIP,HDMI"
                device.bus_path = "platform-hdmi-sound"
                sysfs.path = "/devices/platform/hdmi-sound/sound/card2"
                device.form_factor = "internal"
                device.string = "hw:2"
                device.buffering.buffer_size = "352800"
                device.buffering.fragment_size = "176400"
                device.access_mode = "mmap+timer"
                device.profile.name = "stereo-fallback"
                device.profile.description = "Stereo"
                device.description = "Built-in Audio Stereo"
                module-udev-detect.discovered = "1"
                device.icon_name = "audio-card"
        Ports:
                analog-output: Analog Output (priority: 9900)
        Active Port: analog-output
        Formats:
                pcm

Sink #2
        State: IDLE
        Name: alsa_output.platform-spdif-sound.stereo-fallback
        Description: Built-in Audio Stereo
        Driver: module-alsa-card.c
        Sample Specification: s16le 2ch 44100Hz
        Channel Map: front-left,front-right
        Owner Module: 8
        Mute: no
        Volume: front-left: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB,   front-right: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
                balance 0.00
        Base Volume: 65536 / 100% / 0.00 dB
        Monitor Source: alsa_output.platform-spdif-sound.stereo-fallback.monitor
        Latency: 1985337 usec, configured 2000000 usec
        Flags: HARDWARE DECIBEL_VOLUME LATENCY
        Properties:
                alsa.resolution_bits = "16"
                device.api = "alsa"
                device.class = "sound"
                alsa.class = "generic"
                alsa.subclass = "generic-mix"
                alsa.name = ""
                alsa.id = "ff870000.spdif-dit-hifi dit-hifi-0"
                alsa.subdevice = "0"
                alsa.subdevice_name = "subdevice #0"
                alsa.device = "0"
                alsa.card = "1"
                alsa.card_name = "ROCKCHIP,SPDIF"
                alsa.long_card_name = "ROCKCHIP,SPDIF"
                device.bus_path = "platform-spdif-sound"
                sysfs.path = "/devices/platform/spdif-sound/sound/card1"
                device.form_factor = "internal"
                device.string = "hw:1"
                device.buffering.buffer_size = "352800"
                device.buffering.fragment_size = "176400"
                device.access_mode = "mmap+timer"
                device.profile.name = "stereo-fallback"
                device.profile.description = "Stereo"
                device.description = "Built-in Audio Stereo"
                module-udev-detect.discovered = "1"
                device.icon_name = "audio-card"
        Ports:
                analog-output: Analog Output (priority: 9900)
        Active Port: analog-output
        Formats:
                pcm

Of course, all the sounds "es8316" / "hdmi" / "spdif" are working.
However, sadly, "mainline-kernel" has not yet implemented "video-accelerator" (mpp related),
it is not fun even if only the sound comes out.

So, I usually do not use "mainline-kernel".

I understand, i need to modify sound/soc/codecs/es8316.c 
Can you tell me which other files i need to modify?

Can you share your asound.rc file?


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